→ She leaned against him.
→ He stood the ladder against the wall.
→ She pressed her nose against the window.
He leant against the wall. Il s'est appuyé contre le mur.
(=opposed to) contre
→ He is against privatisation.
→ a march to protest against the war
→ 283 votes in favour and 29 against
I'm against nuclear testing. Je suis contre les essais nucléaires.
(=towards) contre, à l'encontre de
violence against women la violence à l'encontre des femmes
(in game, competition)
→ They'll be playing against Australia.
(=compared to) par rapport à
→ Our policies have to be judged against this test.
→ Check their productivity against the agreed targets.
as against (British) contre
→ 60% of voters were in favour, as against 80% previously.
(=in contrast to)
against a blue background sur un fond bleu
an orange vase placed against a blue background un vase orange placé sur un fond bleu
against the law contraire à la loi
→ It is against the law to detain you without charging you.
against the rules contraire aux règles
→ We thought cheating was against the rules.
against sb's wishes contre les vœux de qn, contre la volonté de qn
→ She married him against her parents' wishes.
against sb's advice contre l'avis de qn
→ He left hospital against the advice of doctors.
against one's will
(=unwillingly) contre son gré
→ He was forced to attend the meeting against his will.
→ They cannot detain you against your will.
(expressing a grudge)
to have sth against sb en avoir contre qn, en vouloir à qn → I think he's got something against me. → Have you got something against women, Les? to have nothing against sb ne rien avoir contre qn → I have nothing against foreigners.
[+windows] battre contre
→ The rain beat against the window.
come up against
[+resistance, difficulties] rencontrer
crime against humanity
n crime m contre l'humanité
(=be unfavourable to) être défavorable à
(=be contrary to) être contraire à
to guard against sth protéger contre qch
→ The armed forces were on high alert to guard against any retaliation.
→ You can guard against possible allergies by choosing products formulated for sensitive skin.
→ This year's results have been excellent, but we must guard against complacency.
to guard against doing sth se garder de faire qch
→ Guard against accepting such images at face value
to hold sth against sb tenir rigueur de qch à qn
→ 'You're forgetting all the trouble he caused.' -- `He was only a boy. You're not going to hold that against him?
I don't hold it against him. Je ne lui en tiens pas rigueur.
→ He lost the case, but never held it against me.
nuzzle up against
[person] se blottir contre
[animal] frotter son nez contre
[+law, rule] contrevenir à, enfreindre
→ This would offend against the principle of fairness.
to pit sb against sb opposer qn à qn
to pit o.s. against se mesurer à
to pit one's wits against sb se mesurer à qn
→ Here is your chance to pit your wits against the experts.
to be pitted against être opposé à
→ You will be pitted against three or even four people who are just as good as you are
play off against
to play one off against the other jouer une personne contre une autre
→ Gregory would interview them, and would play one off against the other.
→ She always managed to have at least two boyfriends and used to play them off against each other
[wind, rain, waves] battre contre
→ a heavy sea pounding against rocks
run up against
[+difficulties, opposition] se heurter à
to turn against sb se retourner contre qn
→ Public opinion turned against Hearst.
to turn against sth se retourner contre qch
→ Workers may turn against reform
to turn sb against sb retourner qn contre qn
→ He tried to turn the children against her