the force of the explosion la force de l'explosion
→ The force of the explosion shattered the windows.
→ I hit him with all the force I could muster ...
(=influential factor) force f
→ Britain is re-establishing itself as a powerful force in world politics ...
→ Nationalism was rapidly becoming a dangerous force ...
(=external factors) forces extérieures
→ they believe in outside forces such as luck, fate and chance
Society is apparently directed by outside forces. La société est apparemment contrôlée par des forces extérieures.
from force of habit, through force of habit par la force de l'habitude
→ He looked around from force of habit, but nobody paid any attention to him ...
→ through force of habit she wakes up at 5 a.m.
by force of circumstance par la force des choses
(=power) force f
→ He changed our world through the force of his ideas
to have the force of law avoir force de loi
→ The new set-up will have the force of law
the forces of evil les forces du mal
→ the earth's gravitational force
→ The force acting on the particle is constant ...
forces of nature forces fpl de la nature
→ a land sculpted by the forces of nature
(METEOROLOGY) force f
a force 5 wind un vent de force 5
→ The airlift was conducted in force ten winds ...
(=coercion) force f
→ We have renounced the use of force to settle our disputes.
by force par la force
→ ... the guerrillas' efforts to seize power by force
by force of arms
(=by military power) à la force des armes
→ You cannot keep a nation down by force of arms indefinitely.
(=military contingent) force f
→ armed forces
→ peacekeeping forces
→ special forces
a volunteer force une troupe de volontaires
→ the deployment of American forces in the region
(=in large numbers) en force
→ Voters turned out in force for the elections.
to turn up in force arriver en force
→ Animal rights campaigners turned up in force.
the sales force
(=team) la force de vente
to be in force
[law, system] être en vigueur
→ Martial law is in force
→ Although the new tax is already in force, you have until November to lodge an appeal.
No-smoking rules are now in force. Un règlement qui interdit de fumer est maintenant en vigueur.
to come into force entrer en vigueur
to join forces
(=work together) unir ses forces
→ African nations last week joined forces to combat cholera
to join forces with sb unir ses forces avec qn
→ William joined forces with businessman Nicholas Court to launch the new vehicle.
the Forces (British) l'armée f
→ The more senior you become in the forces, the more likely you are to end up in a desk job.
to force sb to do sth forcer qn à faire qch
They forced him to open the safe. Ils l'ont forcé à ouvrir le coffre-fort.
→ A back injury forced her to withdraw from the competition
→ He asked me if I was clever. I was forced to admit that I was not ...
→ They forced him to confess
to force o.s. to do sth se forcer à faire qch
→ She forced herself to kiss her mother's cheek ...
to force sth on sb imposer qch à qn
→ To force this agreement on the nation is wrong
(=push roughly) forcer
→ He forced the key clumsily into the ignition
→ They forced David into a small room.
to force one's way somewhere, He was trying to force his way into the building. Il essayait de forcer l'entrée du bâtiment.
to force one's way through the crowd se frayer un chemin à travers la foule
→ she had to force her way through the crush
→ crowds were pushing so closely that we had to force a way through
[+lock, door, window] forcer
→ They had to force the lock on the trunk.
→ Police forced the door of the flat and arrested Mr Roberts
to force a smile se forcer à sourire → Joe forced a smile, but underneath he was a little disturbed ...
n armée f de l'air
→ ... the United States Air Force ...
→ Jack Mann was a Royal Air Force fighter pilot during World War II.
→ The country has a strong air force.
→ the United States Air Force
to join the air force s'engager dans l'armée de l'air
n force f centrifuge
→ The juice is extracted by centrifugal force.
n (US) Force f Delta forces spéciales de l'armée américaine forces spéciales de l'armée américaine
n locomotive f , moteur m
→ The council felt the mayor was the driving force in the decision to suspend the chief
→ The driving force behind that increase was a surge in orders for transportation equipment.
→ His passion for music has been the driving force in his life.
n corps m expéditionnaire
[+crowd, enemy] repousser
→ I forced his head back.
→ Nancy forced back tears. She wasn't going to cry in front of all those people.
[+food] se forcer à manger
(=force to leave)
to force a farmer off his land expulser un fermier de ses terres
to be forced off
[player] devoir quitter le terrain
→ he was forced off with a hamstring injury after 31 minutes.
(=expel) faire sortir par la force
→ a newspaper calling on Afghans to force out western troops
to be forced out of sth [+position] contraindre à quitter qch
→ Ought he to be forced out of the Presidency?
to force a confession out of sb arracher des aveux à qn
→ They forced a confession out of him ...
[+prisoner] nourrir de force
→ Prisoners on hunger-strike were force-fed
[+duck, goose] gaver
→ Production of the foie gras pâté involves force-feeding geese and ducks so that their livers swell.
n vent m soufflant en tempête
→ ... bad weather with heavy rain and gale-force winds of up to seventy miles per hour.
n vent m de force 12
→ Hurricane-force winds and giant waves ripped holes in the bottom of the tanker
labour force , (British) labor force (US)
[+country] population f active
Unemployment in Britain rose to 8.1% of the labour force. Le chômage au Royaume Uni atteignait 8.1% de la population active.
[+company] main-d'œuvre f
life force , life-force
n force f vitale
→ Film stars tend to have a life-force about them which draws you to them.
→ Food is considered a sacred sacrament by the Indians, and to eat is to take in the life force of the plant or animal involved.
(=person) locomotive f
the moving force in the party la locomotive du parti
→ Major D'Aubuisson remains the moving force in the party
to be the moving force behind sth être l'instigateur (-trice) de qch
→ He was the moving force behind the campaign
(=thing) élément m moteur
→ Democratization was the main moving force of perestroika
what is the moving force behind your writing?
(=inspiration) qu'est-ce qui vous pousse à écrire comme vous le faites?
n force f de maintien de la paix
n police f
→ the South Wales police force
rapid reaction force
n force f d'intervention rapide
Royal Air Force
the Royal Air Force la Royal Air Force
n force f de vente
to be a spent force ne plus avoir d'influence
→ As a political leader he was something of a spent force.
(MILITARY) force f opérationnelle
→ a naval task force of twenty warships
(=committee) groupe f de travail
→ We have set up a task force to look at the question of women returning to work
tour de force , tour-de-force
n tour m de force
→ Stevenson's deeply felt performance is a tour-de-force ...
→ His tour de force is an elephant sculpture.
Ulster Volunteer Force
n organisation paramilitaire protestante en Irlande du Nord organisation paramilitaire protestante en Irlande du Nord