put ( put pt, pp )
→ I put her suitcase on the table.
→ Leaphorn put the photograph on the desk.
→ She put her hand on Grace's arm.
→ She put the letter in the drawer.
→ They had to put him in an asylum.
→ He'd been put in jail.
Where shall I put my things? Où est-ce que je peux mettre mes affaires?
to put sb to bed mettre qn au lit, coucher qn
She's putting the baby to bed. Elle met le bébé au lit.
to put a lot of time into sth consacrer beaucoup de temps à qch
→ She had put a lot of time into her course work.
to put a lot of effort into sth consacrer beaucoup d'efforts à qch
to put a lot of effort into doing sth consacrer beaucoup d'efforts à faire qch
They have put a lot of effort into making the relationship work. Ils ont consacré beaucoup d'efforts à faire que la relation marche.
to put energy into sth, Eleanor did not put much energy into the discussion. Eleanor n'a pas mis beaucoup d'énergie dans la discussion.
(=say, express) dire
→ I put this question to Dr Leslie Cook.
→ He thinks that some workers may be afraid to put questions publicly.
He didn't put it quite as crudely as that. Il ne l'a pas dis aussi crûment.
→ The security forces might have made some mistakes, as he put it.
let me put it this way ... disons que ...
→ Let me put it this way: I certainly wouldn't have selected him.
how shall I put it? comment dirais-je?, comment dire?
→ Well, how shall I put it? Let's say we weren't the best of friends.
to put it bluntly pour parler crûment
(=present, put across)
[+one's case, view] faire part de
→ He would have known how to put his case.
→ He always put his point of view with clarity and with courage.
to put sth to sb [+case, view, suggestion] faire part de qch à qn
→ He put the case to the Saudi Foreign Minister.
→ He sat there listening as we put suggestions to him.
I put it to you that ... (British) je vous suggère que ..., je suis d'avis que ...
→ He couldn't read what Ken had put for his address.
→ He crossed out "Screenplay" and put "Written by" instead.
→ What I put in that book is now pretty much the agenda for this country.
Don't forget to put your name on the paper. N'oubliez pas de mettre votre nom sur la feuille.
to put sth at sth, She puts its value at around $1000. Elle l'évalue à environ 1000 livres.
The cost is now put at 2 billion pounds. Le coût est maintenant évalué à 2 milliards de livres.
Losses are put at $200,000. Les pertes sont évaluées à 200 000 dollars.
I would put her age at about 50. Je lui donnerais la cinquantaine.
→ Some art critics put him in the same league as Matisse.
I wouldn't put him in the same class as Verdi. Je ne le mettrais pas dans la même catégorie que Verdi.
It is not easy to put the guilty and innocent into clear-cut categories. Il n'est pas facile de mettre les coupables et les innocents dans des catégories bien définies.
[+faith, confidence, trust] mettre
→ Are we right to put our confidence in computers?
→ He had decided long ago that he would put his trust in socialism.
→ How much faith should we put in anti-ageing products?
She had put all her trust in him. Elle avait mis toute sa confiance en lui.
(=cause to be)
It puts me in a rather difficult position. Cela me met dans une position plutôt difficile.
to put sb in a good mood mettre qn de bonne humeur
to put sb in a bad mood mettre qn de mauvaise humeur
to put money on a horse miser de l'argent sur un cheval, mettre de l'argent sur un cheval
→ I put £10 on a horse in the Grand National.
I put £20 on Jaipur Princess. J'ai misé 20 livres sur Jaipur Princess., J'ai mis 20 livres sur Jaipur Princess.
to stay put ne pas bouger → We've decided to stay put this summer. We'll have a winter holiday instead.
[+rumour] faire courir
→ The King had been putting about lurid rumours for months.
to put it about that ... faire courir le bruit que ...
She had been putting it about that Melanie was having an affair with the boss. Elle avait fait courir le bruit que Melanie avait une liaison avec le patron.
vi (NAUTICAL, NAVAL)
[ship] virer de bord
[+ideas, argument] faire passer
→ He really enjoys putting across a technical argument.
→ an entertaining book that puts over serious health messages
→ He has taken out a half-page advertisement in his local paper to put his point across.
He finds it hard to put his ideas across. Il a du mal à faire passer ses idées.
[+work, object] mettre de côté
→ My aunt put aside her sewing and picked up her book.
→ She took up a slice of bread, broke it nervously, then put it aside.
[+goods] mettre de côté
Can you put this aside for me till tomorrow? Est-ce que vous pouvez mettre ça de côté pour moi jusqu'à demain?
[+idea, problem, remark] laisser de côté
→ It's a problem which they usually put aside.
→ She put aside his remark and concentrated on getting the children ready.
[+sum of money] mettre de côté
→ She put aside a small sum every week to pay for her annual holiday.
→ Encourage children to put some of their pocket-money aside to buy Christmas presents.
→ I put away the shopping.
→ She finished putting the milk away.
Can you put away the dishes, please? Tu peux ranger la vaisselle, s'il te plaît?
→ They put him away for ten years.
→ He's an animal! He should be put away.
[+money] mettre de côté
→ I've got a thousand pounds put away for a rainy day.
→ I never have any money to put away as savings.
[+food, drink] se taper *
→ I had put away half a bottle of whisky.
→ They put away the whole chicken.
→ Could you put the milk back in the fridge?
→ They put the settee back against the wall.
I put the book back on the shelf. J'ai remis le livre sur l'étagère.
Put it back when you've finished with it. Remets-le en place une fois que tu auras fini.
[+meeting, start] remettre
→ We've had to put back the seminar again.
→ The trip has been put back to Easter.
The meeting has been put back to next month. La réunion a été remise au mois prochain.
This will put production back at least a month. Cela retardera la production d'au moins un moins.
This will put us back ten years. Cela nous ramènera dix ans en arrière.
[+watch, clock] retarder
→ When summer time ends, clocks must be put back an hour.
→ Travelling west meant that we had to put our watches back.
[+money] mettre de côté, économiser
→ It's always a good idea to have something put by.
→ There was enough put by for her fare.
→ They were putting flour and sugar by in case stocks ran out.
[+object] (on floor, table)
→ Marsha put the book down.
→ He put down his pen.
→ She put the case down.
→ Mishka put down a heavy shopping bag.
I'll put these bags down for a minute. Je vais poser ces sacs une minute.
[+money, deposit] verser
→ I put down a deposit of £12,000.
→ I have to put $500 down before the end of the month.
→ I had prepared for the meeting by putting down what I wanted from them.
I've put down a few ideas. J'ai noté quelques idées.
[+revolt, rebellion] réprimer, écraser
→ Soldiers went in to put down a rebellion.
→ The army was sent in to put down the revolt.
to put sth down to sth mettre qch au compte de qch
→ I put it down to arthritis.
→ Sales remain constantly high. I put it down to having good staff.
→ The vet had to put Mittens down.
→ Magistrates ordered his dog Samson to be put down immediately.
to have an animal put down faire piquer un animal
We had to have our old dog put down. Nous avons dû faire piquer notre vieux chien.
[+criticize, humiliate, person] dénigrer
→ She would constantly put her husband down in front of his colleagues.
to put o.s. down se dénigrer
→ You must stop putting yourself down like this.
[+idea, argument, suggestion] avancer, proposer
→ These were the arguments which Carson put forward.
→ He has put forward new peace proposals.
to put one's name forward for sth se proposer pour qch
→ Mr Ryzhkov put his name forward for the presidency.
[+date, watch, clock] avancer
→ Remember to put forward your clocks tonight.
→ On landing, we put our watches forward by two hours.
Next week it'll be time to put the clocks forward an hour. La semaine prochaine, il sera temps d'avancer les horloges d'une heure.
[+gas, electricity] mettre
→ They're coming to put the gas in on Thursday.
[+central heating, phone line] mettre
→ They're having central heating put in.
→ Did you put a second telephone line in?
[+sink, new bathroom, new kitchen] mettre
→ We're having a new sink unit put in.
→ They put in a shower.
We're going to get central heating put in. Nous allons faire mettre le chauffage central.
[+claim, request, complaint] faire
→ I put in a request for an interview.
→ Don't forget to put in your claim for expenses.
to put in a job application poser sa candidature
I put in an application for a job in Paris. J'ai posé ma candidature pour un poste à Paris.
[+work, effort] fournir
→ He put in a lot of effort to get the project finished on time.
→ You've put in a lot of work.
He has put in a lot of work on this project. Il a fourni beaucoup de travail pour ce projet.
We had to put in three hours work a night. Nous avons dû fournir trois heures de travail par nuit.
He's put a lot of time in on this. Il y a mis beaucoup de son temps.
[ship] jeter l'ancre
to put in at jeter l'ancre à
→ We were refused permission to put in at Corfu.
→ It's due to put in at Aden and some other ports before arriving in Basra.
put in for
[+job] poser sa candidature pour
→ I decided to put in for a job as deputy secretary.
→ I've put in for a holiday in July.
Shall I put the light off? Est-ce que j'éteins la lumière?
[+event] remettre à plus tard
→ They've put their wedding off.
I keep putting it off. Je n'arrête pas de remettre ça à plus tard.
(=cause to wait)
[+person] faire attendre
They wanted to come this evening but I put them off until tomorrow. Ils voulaient venir ce soir mais je les ai fait attendre demain.
→ Every time Connors served, a man in the crowd coughed and put him off.
→ She asked me to be serious, saying it put her off if I laughed.
Stop putting me off! Arrête de me déconcentrer!
[events, circumstances, reputation] rebuter, dissuader
→ The country's worsening reputation does not seem to be putting off the tourists.
[smell, sight, habit] dégoûter, rebuter
We tried to visit the Abbey but were put off by the queues. Nous avons essayé de visiter l'abbaye mais les queues nous en ont dissuadés.
His personal habits put her off. Ses habitudes quotidiennes la dégoûtaient.
He's not easily put off. Il ne se laisse pas facilement décourager.
to put sb off sth/sb
(=alienate from) dégoûter qn de qch/qn
→ The high divorce figures don't seem to be putting people off marriage.
to put sb off doing sth dégoûter qn de faire qch
That documentary has put me off eating in restaurants for life. Ce documentaire m'a à jamais dégoûté de manger au restaurant.
to put off doing sth remettre à plus tard de faire qch
→ They kept putting off signing the paper.
→ women who put off having a baby
[+clothes, makeup] mettre
→ He put on his coat and left.
→ I haven't even put any lipstick on.
→ Maximo put on a pair of glasses.
I'll put my coat on. Je vais mettre mon manteau.
[+light, radio, oven] allumer
→ I put the radio on.
→ I put on the light by the bed.
→ Put the oven on.
[+record, music] mettre
→ She poured them drinks, and put a record on loud.
→ Let's go into the study and put on some music.
→ She immediately put the kettle on.
Shall I put the heater on? J'allume le chauffage?, Je mets le chauffage ?
Put on a pan of water to simmer. Mettez une casserole d'eau à frémir.
I'll put the potatoes on. Je vais mettre les pommes de terre à cuire.
→ Put some rice on now.
[+play, show] monter
→ The band are hoping to put on a UK show before the end of the year.
We're putting on "Bugsy Malone". Nous sommes en train de monter "Bugsy Malone".
[+extra bus, train etc] mettre en service
→ British Airways is putting on an extra flight to London.
→ The hotel is putting on buses to transport people to the match.
→ Extra buses are being put on to cope with the demand.
to put on weight grossir, prendre du poids
→ I can eat what I want but I never put on weight.
He's put on a lot of weight. Il a beaucoup grossi., Il a pris beaucoup de poids.
He has put on three kilos. Il a pris trois kilos.
[+accent, manner] prendre
→ I don't see why you have to put on a phoney English accent.
[+airs] se donner, prendre
He put on an innocent look. Il a pris un air innocent.
→ He put on an innocent look and pretended it was nothing to do with him.
to be putting it on
You're putting it on! Tu fais semblant!
→ She wasn't really ill. She was just putting it on.
[+person] faire marcher
to put sb on to sb/sth indiquer qn/qch à qn
→ One of his friends put him onto a good lawyer.
→ Janice put me onto this supplement for my joint pains.
→ She put me onto a good firm.
→ It's bin day today. Don't forget to put out the rubbish.
→ Piles of broken furniture had been put out for collection.
[+cat] mettre dehors, faire sortir
→ Can you put the cat out?
[+one's hand] tendre
→ She put her hand out and tried to touch her mother's arm.
→ He put out his hand to greet his old friend.
→ She put out her hand to take the cup of tea.
→ Instinctively, he put out his hand as he fell.
→ Alex put out his hand to pull the child from the water.
[+objects, clothes] poser
→ I slowly unpacked the cups and saucers and put them out on the table.
→ Jeanette put out her clothes on the bed.
→ I'm tired. Can you put the light out?
[+cigarette, fire] éteindre
→ He lit a cigarette and almost immediately put it out again.
→ Firemen tried to put out the blaze.
It took them five hours to put out the fire. Ils ont mis cinq heures à éteindre l'incendie.
[+statement, announcement] rendre public (-que)
→ The French news agency put out a statement from the Trade Minister.
→ A statement put out on her behalf said she had no regrets
→ We put out an announcement a day or so ago.
[+rumour] faire courir
→ The Brown camp says the Trade Secretary put out the story himself, to take the fire out of a hostile biography by Paul Routledge.
→ The bookies put out this story that there was a bloke in Liverpool who stood to make all this money if I won in Atlanta.
→ I hope I'm not putting you out.
→ Would it put you out if we came tomorrow instead of on Friday?
to put o.s. out se déranger
→ Please don't put yourself out.
→ She's always put herself out for others.
(=dislocate) se démettre
→ She put her back out trying to lift a heavy box of books.
→ He'd put his knee out playing rugby.
to put out to sea lever l'ancre, appareiller
to put out from Plymouth appareiller de Plymouth, lever l'ancre de Plymouth
→ He put the call through to Finance.
Put me through to Miss Blair. Passez-moi Miss Blair.
Can you put me through to the manager? Est-ce que vous pouvez me passer le directeur?
→ Could you put me through to Accounts, please?
I'm putting you through je vous passe la communication
→ "Data Room, please." -- "I'll put you through."
to put sb through sth [+ordeal] infliger qch à qn
→ She wouldn't want to put them through the ordeal of a huge ceremony.
The children had put him through a lot of worry when they were teenagers. Les enfants lui avaient causé beaucoup de soucis lorsqu'ils étaient adolescents.
to put sb through hell en faire voir à qn
Those two husbands put me through hell. Ces deux maris m'en ont fait voir.
[+furniture, toy] monter, assembler
→ The factories no longer relied upon a mechanic to put together looms within the plant.
to put sth together again, to put sth back together remonter qch
→ He took it all to pieces, cleaned it inside and out and put it together again.
[+team] mettre sur pied
→ He is trying to put a team together for next season.
→ The Prime Minister is currently putting together his Cabinet.
[+book, programme] mettre sur pied
→ We got to work on putting the book together.
[+agreement, package] mettre sur pied
→ We wouldn't have time to put together an agreement.
→ Reports speak of Bonn putting together an aid package for Moscow.
more than the rest of them put together plus qu'eux tous réunis
→ She felt she did more work than the rest of the team put together.
(=pin up, hang)
[+poster, picture, painting, shelf] mettre
→ He put up a poster in the village shop.
→ The college put up a plaque to the institution's founder.
→ They're putting new street signs up.
The poster's great. I'll put it up on the wall. Le poster est super. Je vais le mettre au mur.
to put one's hand up lever la main
If you have any questions, put up your hand. Si vous avez une question, levez la main.
[+building, fence] construire
→ He was putting up a new fence at his home.
→ They put up their tents and settled down for the night.
Protesters have been putting up barricades. Les manifestants ont érigé des barricades.
[+umbrella, parasol] ouvrir
→ They put up the parasol to protect themselves from the strong sun.
[+price, tax, cost] augmenter
→ They know he would put their taxes up.
→ The cost of petrol has been put up.
[+money, funding] fournir
→ The state agreed to put up $69,000 to start his company.
→ The merchant banks raise capital for industry. They don't actually put it up themselves.
→ His parents put up a few thousand pounds to help him buy his first flat.
→ I wanted to know if she could put me up for a few days.
[hotel, company] loger
I offered to put him up. J'ai offert de l'héberger.
My friend will put me up for the night. Mon ami va m'héberger pour la nuit.
The company put me up for the night at a small hotel. La compagnie m'a logé dans un petit hôtel pour la nuit.
to put sb up to doing sth pousser qn à faire qch
→ Jamie's school friends had put him up to stealing it.
→ "Did somebody put you up to it?" she asked.
to put sth up for sale mettre qch en vente
→ They decided to put the house up for sale.
→ They put their business up for sale.
to be put upon
(=imposed on) se laisser faire
→ We are not prepared to be put upon.
→ She was put upon by everyone who just exploited her natural generosity.
put up with
→ You're late, Shelly, and I won't put up with it.
→ She could put up with a lot, but she wouldn't tolerate such violence.
I'm not going to put up with it any longer. Je ne vais pas supporter ça plus longtemps.
n humiliation f
→ I see the term as a put-down of women ...
→ She was getting very sick of Mick's put-downs.
(=feigned) affecté (e)
(=annoyed) contrarié (e)
→ I did not blame him for feeling put out ...
→ He was plainly very put out at finding her there.
* coup m monté
I feel put-upon. Je trouve qu'on profite de moi.
→ Volunteers from all walks of life are feeling put upon.
n lancer m du poids