Collins

excuse

  

      vb  
1    absolve, acquit, bear with, exculpate, exonerate, extenuate, forgive, indulge, make allowances for, overlook, pardon, pass over, tolerate, turn a blind eye to, wink at  
2    apologize for, condone, defend, explain, justify, mitigate, vindicate  
3    absolve, discharge, exempt, free, let off, liberate, release, relieve, spare  
      n  
4    apology, defence, explanation, grounds, justification, mitigation, plea, pretext, reason, vindication  
5    cop-out     (slang)   disguise, evasion, expedient, makeshift, pretence, pretext, semblance, shift, subterfuge  
6      (informal)   apology, makeshift, mockery, substitute, travesty  
  
Antonyms     
,       vb   accuse, arraign, blame, censure, charge, chasten, chastise, compel, condemn, convict, correct, criticize, hold responsible, indict, oblige, point a or the finger at, punish, sentence  
      n  
4    accusation, charge, imputation, indictment  
Dictionnaire anglais Collins English synonyme-Thesaurus  
Collins

excuse

  
     ( excuses    plural & 3rd person present)   ( excusing    present participle)   ( excused    past tense & past participle  )
The noun is pronounced [PH:I][PH:k][PH:s][PH:k][PH:j][PH:u][PH::][PH:s]. The verb is pronounced [PH:I][PH:k][PH:s][PH:k][PH:j][PH:u][PH::][PH:z].     
1       n-count   An excuse is a reason which you give in order to explain why something has been done or has not been done, or in order to avoid doing something.  
oft N for n/-ing, N to-inf   (=justification)  
It is easy to find excuses for his indecisiveness..., Once I had had a baby I had the perfect excuse to stay at home..., If you stop making excuses and do it you'll wonder what took you so long.      If you say that there is no excusefor something, you are emphasizing that it should not happen, or expressing disapproval that it has happened.  
no excuse      phrase   v-link PHR, oft PHR for n/-ing     (disapproval)    There's no excuse for behaviour like that..., Solitude was no excuse for sloppiness.     
2       verb   To excuse someone or excuse their behaviour means to provide reasons for their actions, especially when other people disapprove of these actions.   (=justify)  
He excused himself by saying he was `forced to rob to maintain my wife and cat'...      V n by -ing  
That doesn't excuse my mother's behaviour.      V n  
3       verb   If you excuse someone for something wrong that they have done, you forgive them for it.   (=forgive)  
Many people might have excused them for shirking some of their responsibilities.      V n for n/-ing, Also V n, V n n  
4       verb   If someone is excusedfrom a duty or responsibility, they are told that they do not have to carry it out.  
usu passive  
She is usually excused from her duties during the school holidays...      be V-ed from n/-ing  
She was excused duties on Saturday.      be V-ed n  
5       verb   If you excuseyourself, you use a phrase such as `Excuse me' as a polite way of saying that you are about to leave.  
He excused himself and went up to his room.      V pron-refl  
6    You say `Excuse me' when you want to politely get someone's attention, especially when you are about to ask them a question.  
excuse me      convention  
  (formulae)   
Excuse me, but are you Mr Honig?     
7    You use excuse me to apologize to someone when you have disturbed or interrupted them.  
excuse me      convention  
  (formulae)   
Excuse me interrupting, but there's a thing I feel I've got to say.     
8    You use excuse me or a phrase such as if you'll excuse me as a polite way of indicating that you are about to leave or that you are about to stop talking to someone.  
excuse me      convention  
  (politeness)   
`Excuse me,' she said to Jarvis, and left the room..., Now if you'll excuse me, I've got work to do.     
9    You use excuse me, but to indicate that you are about to disagree with someone.  
  (mainly BRIT)  
excuse me      convention  
Excuse me, but I want to know what all this has to do with us.     
10    You say excuse me to apologize when you have bumped into someone, or when you need to move past someone in a crowd.  
excuse me      convention  
  (formulae)   
(=sorry)  
11    You say excuse me to apologize when you have done something slightly embarrassing or impolite, such as burping, hiccupping, or sneezing.  
excuse me      convention  
  (formulae)   
12    You say `Excuse me?' to show that you want someone to repeat what they have just said.  
  (AM)  
excuse me      convention  
  (formulae)   

in BRIT, usually use pardon, sorry     

Traduction Dictionnaire Collins Anglais - Cobuild  

Consulter aussi:

excursive, excusable, excise, exclusive

Dictionnaire Collaboratif     Anglais Synonymes
id.
the phrase is uttered in an attempt to excuse the user of profanity or curses in the presence of those offended by it under the pretense of the words being part of a foreign language
Syn.: excuse my French

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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"